The Establishment Process of The Republic of Cyprus and the Role of Gendarmerie Units in The Cyprus Peace Operation
Dilmaç, Ahmet Tahsin
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Cyprus Island is strategically and politically important because it is close to the Middle East and on the Eastern Mediterranean trade routes. For this reason, it has been home to many civilizations throughout history. In the 1930s, various riots and conflicts started on the island. There were three communities on the island: Turks, Greeks and British. The Greek community in these communities has adopted the idea of connecting to Greece over time. This idea, referred to as the Enosis Plan, has been tried to be dominated by the organization called EOKA. In this process, the Republic of Cyprus was established in order to eliminate the confusion on the island. Turkey, Greece and Britain, was brought to the position of guarantor states. However, this agreement was not sufficient to establish peace on the island. The Republic of Turkey, as a guarantor state gave the effort to solve the problem by peaceful means. Problems can not be solved through negotiations with the conviction occurred, the Republic of Turkey, to ensure the re-establishment of the peace and security on the island, the Cyprus Peace Operation was organized in 1974. This article aims to demonstrate the role of the gendarmerie troops in the Cyprus Peace Operation, which is carried out to establish permanent peace on the Island of Cyprus, explaining the establishment process of the Republic of Cyprus.
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