Nondrainage decreases blood transfusion need and infection rate in bilateral total knee arthroplasty
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This retrospective study enrolled 526 patients undergoing bilateral total knee arthroplasties at our institution.In nondrainage group (Group 1) of 255 patients (510 knees), a disposable elastic sterile exsanguination tourniquet (HemaClear), wound closure in layers and Jones Bandage, without pre-tourniquet removal hemostasis or Hemovac drain were used. In drainage group (Group 2) of 227 patients (454 knees), pneumatic tourniquet, post-deflation hemostasis, a Hemovac drain and Jones bandage were used. The maximal drop in hemoglobin was significantly greater in Group 2 than Group 1 (P b 0.001). Also infection rate was significantly lower in Group 1 (P = 0.017). The use of sterile tourniquet removed after wound closure without Hemovac drain decreases blood transfusion need, infection rate, tourniquet related pain and postoperative complications.