Pleural effusion due to intraoperative rupture of an infected renal cyst
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leural effusion can occur after complicated renal cyst operations. Rupture of the cyst into the retroperitoneal space and diffusion of cyst content through diaphragmatic pores is an unusual cause of pleural effusion. Reports about pleural plevral effusion after renal cyst operation are rare in the literature while the diaphragm is intact. Here we report a case of renal cyst operation complicated with intraoperative cyst rupture and ipsilateral pleural effusion postoperatively. The culture of the cyst and the pleural fluid showed the same organism: Klebsiella pneumonia.