Genetic Tests and Its Impacts on Some Fields of Human Rights Law
Zengin, Mehmet Ali
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Recent developments in biomedicine caused considerable conversion in the area of human rights law. This new dilemmas gave rise to many discussions all around the world as reflections of these developmets on the biomedical tech- nology. On this point, we can mention that hereafter traditional human rights concept will not be same and it will be required to reconsidering this issue with different arguments. To illustrate, because of the genetic tests carry out in workplace we will need to find new solutions about the implements which leads to discirimination. According to this, after the possibility of human cloning by science, new varieties of human rights commenced to emerge in the human rights law like right to genetic privacy or right to know ones genetic origin. Thus, recent developments bring a new concept that can be named as a “biohuman rights”. With this way, we can provide a better protection against all violations that head toward to human health safety or homo sapien. Nevertheless, recent innovations in biomedical area have new methods on designing fetuses as well as developments about human reproduction. In the wake of rapid progress in genetics technologies, collecting and analyzing of human DNAs receive its share form these innovasions. Today, informations about an individual’s present and future health can be reached with using small samples of tissue, blood or other body fluids. On the other hand, the special character of such genetic information and the potential risk to lead discrimination have caused great anixiety. In particular, privacy is under risk that unauthorized third ones can reach the informations produced by genetic tests. Therefore, these kind of problems will be untangled with new generation law rules.